Aside from tooth decay, majority of the population also exhibit varying degrees of gum disease. Awareness if the first step to preventing the full-blown onset of any periodontal disease, and there are two forms of gum disease that you definitely need to know of.
Gingivitis vs Periodontitis
Of the two conditions, the milder form is gingivitis. The distinct sign that you have gingivitis is the formation of pockets on the spaces where your gums and teeth meet. This happens as tartar accumulates on these regions and irritates portions of the gum line. As a consequence, the roots of your teeth become exposed and the gum recession ensues.
Periodontitis is the more severe form of gum disease wherein the deeper gum tissues as well as the supporting jaw bones are affected. These structures go through the slow by progressive process of deterioration. Periodontitis can lead to the loosening of teeth and their eventual loss. Although individuals with gingivitis can develop periodontitis over time without proper treatment, the milder form of gum disease is not a requisite for having periodontitis.
Cause of Gum Disease
While a less-than-healthy dental hygiene regimen is up there in the list of causes of gum disease, there are other factors that could increase your risk for having periodontal diseases. Some of these factors include:
Hormones. Women are more prone to having gum disease because of the abrupt changes in their hormone levels especially when they have their monthly menstruation and menopause. In fact, there is such a thing as pregnancy gingivitis which affects expectant mothers but resolve on its own once the woman has given birth.
Chronic diseases. The state of your health could also increase your risk for gum disease. Studies have shown that there is a link between periodontal disease and such systemic diseases as hypertension, diabetes, HIV and cancer. The link could be due to the increased food source of microorganisms found in the plaque which cause gum disease and the compromised state of your immune system such as when you have HIV.
Medications. Taking certain drugs can put you at high risk for having gingivitis because of the hampered secretion of your saliva. The saliva acts as your mouth’s natural antimicrobial rinse in that it limits the proliferation of bacteria inside your mouth as well as neutralizes any existing acids, both of which are known components of your plaque and tartar. Because older individuals are those who have to take in so many types of medications, it’s no wonder why they often have poor oral health.
Visit your Dentist in Concord NC – Dr. Clifford C. Compton